When was the United Kingdom Formed?

            The United Kingdom comprises England, Scotland, Wales and Northern Ireland, and many other small islands. It was formed in 1801 when the ‘Act of Union’ brought Ireland under the same parliament with England, Scotland and Wales.


            The official name of the country was changed to the united kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland. 26 Irish countries left eh union in 1921 and formed the Irish Free State, now called the republic of Ireland. Five years later, the royal and parliamentary titles act named the union as the united kingdom of Great Britain ad northern monarchy and the monarchy is hereditary.


            Wales was the first to unite with England, having been subdued by King Edward I in 1282. the heir to the English throne is known as the prince of Wales even since Edward gave the title to his son in 1301, but it was not until 1536, during the reign of Henry VIII, a Tudor monarch of Welsh descent, that an act of union peacefully incorporated the principality in to the kingdom.


            The name Great Britain was introduced after king James VI of Scotland succeeded the English throne in 1603 as James I, and united the two crowns, though not the nations. Another Act of union brought England and Scotland under one government in 1707. The union flag of the present kingdom comprises the flag of England (white with an upright red cross), the flag of Scotland (blue with diagonal white cross) and red vertical cross of Ireland.

Northern Ireland

            On May 29, 1953, under the Royal Titles act, a proclamation was issued which gave the queen the title Elizabeth, the second by the Grace of God, of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland and of her other realms and Territories Queen, head of the Commonwealth, Defender of the faith.